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It’s easy to get confused when navigating between .tar, .tar.gz, and .gz – not to mention zipping and unzipping them. Here are a few frequently asked questions we commonly hear from users working with .tar.gz files. In the shell, you can add a file or directory to a tar archive as long as it is not compressed. If your archive has been compressed, you must uncompress it, but you do not need to unarchive it.

The .gz extension represents the gzip compression format, which can be applied to almost any file format to compress data and save space. A tar file is created by the tar command and is used to bundle multiple files and directories into a single file. As we’ll see later, different compression utilities may require different methods for extracting and unzipping files. Though we’ll mostly focus on .tar.gz files, check out the end of the article for some quick tips on extracting .tar files in other formats. It is simply created by combining multiple files or directories into a single file and then compressing it using gzip compression. Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line.

  1. Unlike the .tar file, the .zip doesn’t require any compression initially and compresses each file within the collection.
  2. Note that this command also works with other common compression formats such as .tar.bz2.
  3. When you open a terminal, you are on your user’s directory (/home/name_of_user), and the Downloads directory is inside (/home/name_of_user/Downloads).
  4. However, there are also many third-party tools you can install for a more user-friendly experience.
  5. It’s often useful to list the contents of a .tar.gz file without having to unzip the entire archive.

Most Linux and BSD desktops come with a graphical archive utility. The Dolphin file manager offers a feature to autodetect whether the files extracted from an archive are contained new crypto.com listings in a directory or if a new directory needs to be created for them. I use this option so that when I extract files from a tarbomb, they remain tidy and contained.

If you have an existing tarball and want to add a new file into it, you don’t have to unarchive everything just to add a new file. All you have to just add a space between the files you want to extract. For your information, many Linux distributions such as Ubuntu and MacOS come up with inbuilt tools for buy a house with bitcoin our opinion on cryptocurrency property purchases Compressing and Extracting .tar and .tar.gz files. That means users can download and use it for free during a trial period. Also, its trial version does not have time limitations, and users can still use it even after the trial period has expired, with occasional reminders to purchase the license.

When you extract files from a .tar.gz archive, the checksum is automatically verified to detect & handle any potential data corruption. Like many archive and compression formats, .tar.gz is an effective way to save storage space and make it easier to send large amounts of data. If you plan to distribute and store .tar.gz files on your website, Kinsta’s managed hosting services can help make the most of your space. Since .tar.gz compresses multiple files all at once, it can take advantage of similarities between individual files to save on space. Generally speaking, a collection of files archived and compressed as a .tar.gz will be more space-efficient (i.e., smaller) than the same collection compressed as a .zip. This command will extract (-x) the file (-f) specified (in this case, filename.tar.gz) to the current directory.

How to Extract or Unzip .tar.gz Files in Linux

As a result, we recommend sticking to free (but trustworthy) tools or simply using the command line. To access the Windows command line, search for “command prompt” or “cmd” in the search bar. Right-click the first result and select the “Run as administrator” option. The directory of the download is /home/your-login-name/Downloads folder.

You can easily extract .tar.gz files using third-party tools like 7 zip and Winrar on the Windows system. You can notice in the above image that the archive files are extracted in the same working directory. But it does not compress the data, which results in a larger file size compared to compressed formats. Any remotely modern version of tar should auto-detect that the archive is gzipped, and add „z“ for you. You’ll probably have to install the „other“ tar (whatever that may be on your system) manually. Now the file „four“ is extracted to a new directory called „bar.“ If „bar“ already exists, then „four“ is placed inside the existing directory.

Where most operating systems make it easy to extract and create .zip files, the same can’t really be said for .tar files — at least not in ways that are easy to notice. From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored using the .tar.gz format. While extracting a .tar.gz file isn’t quite as easy as unzipping a .zip, it’s still pretty straightforward. This command will create a compressed tar archive of the contents of the ~/Documents directory, i.e. located at /home/user/Documents directory into a single file, NewFile.tar.gz. Where commands have little (if any) room for typos or omissions, many common errors are the result of small mistakes, misspellings, or incorrect formats.

Advanced tar

Although for most of the tasks, the tar utility is sufficient you will be also required to have a gzip utility for creating .tar.gz files. On the other hand, Windows users can rely on third-party file archiver tools like 7-zip or WinRAR to effortlessly extract files. Whether you prefer command-line tools or graphical file archivers, the extraction process is pretty simple. Knowing how to unzip a .tar.gz file allows users to extract and access the archives‘ contents efficiently.

7-Zip is a free and open-source tool with high compression ratios & supports a wide range of archive formats. It offers AES-256 encryption coinbase cryptocurrency traders continue to face frozen funds for weeks to protect sensitive data within archives. Users can utilize the 7-zip command-line interface for automated & scripted extraction tasks.

When a single file is compressed using the Gzip compression utility, it will be turned into a single GZ file. However, when you compress multiple files with the same utility, it will create multiple individual GZ files. In the .tar file, you will find there is a collection of directories or files uncompressed.

Here we list out several possible solutions for fixing this error. Evaluate the performance and functionality of your CPU with the best CPU benchmark tools. This simplifies file management and reduces the risk of data loss during transfers. For more information and to schedule a live demo, contact a hosting expert from Kinsta today.

Is .gz a .tar File?

Though both .zip and .tar.gz archive and compress files, they do so in different ways. In other words, .zip is a collection of compressed files, while .tar.gz is a compressed collection of files. Where .zip files consist of many individually compressed files, .tar files are compressed as a single package, leaving its files uncompressed. In other words, .zip files are a collection of compressed files, while .tar files are a compressed collection of files. While every tar.gz file is a .tar archive, not every .gz is a .tar file.

Don’t forget to change the filename portion with the actual name of the file. This is good and pretty comprehensive, Seth.One thing to point out is that, since .jpg and .png files are already compressed, you won’t get much compression with gzip. These kinds of archives are sometimes called a tarbomb, although not always with a negative connotation. Tarbombs are useful for patches and software installers; it’s just a matter of knowing when to use them and when to avoid them. You have to mention a particular decompression option such as gzip (-z) in the above tar command, i.e. “Sudo tar -xz” on the far right.

How To Extract and Unzip .tar.gz Files (for Linux and Windows)

Some third-party tools also offer extended flexibility for converting between file types‌, saving more time if you want to change between compression formats. Note that this command will throw an error unless you specify the exact filename listed in the .tar file. As we’ll cover more in the next section, you can verify file names by listing contents with the tar -tf filename.tar.gz command. But with .zip being the easier of the two to use, why use .tar in the first place? As we’ll see in the next section, .tar comes with a few extra features that make it the better compression format for certain files and applications.

Note that this command also works with other common compression formats such as .tar.bz2. Most Linux distributions and macOS include built-in tools for zipping and unzipping .tar and .tar.gz files. While the tar utility is enough for most purposes, you’ll need the gzip utility to create .tar.gz files. Though gzip is the most common compression utility, it’s not the only one. As you might imagine, using a different compression utility on a .tar file will result in a different double extension. Some common examples include .tar.bz2 (bzip2), .tar.br (Brotli), and .tar.zst (zstd), among many others.